Learn more about the proliferation of constitutional rights throughout time and across countries in our Data Story here
Number of Rights. This index is drawn from several articles in which Elkins, Ginsburg, and Melton analyze a set of 117** different rights found in national constitutions***. The rights index indicates the number of these rights found in any particular constitution.
Detail. This is also drawn from Elkins, Ginsburg, and Melton, The Endurance of National Constitutions (Cambridge University Press, 2009). It measures the average number of words per topic in the constitution; it is calculated by dividing Length (see above) by the number of topics captured in Scope.
Words About Rights. The CCP survey asks about the number of words in the rights section of the constitution, as measured by Microsoft Word. If rights are not included in a separate section, the measure is approximate.
*For a full list of variables used in the scope index, see Table A.2 of The Endurance of National Constitutions (Cambridge University Press, 2009).
**See the full list of variables in the rights index here.
***For example, “Imagining a World without the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” Forthcoming, World Politics.